Pregnancy and maternal iron deficiency stimulate hepatic CRBPII expression in rats

Sarah C. Cottin*, Lorraine Gambling, Helen E. Hayes, Valerie J. Stevens, Harry J. McArdle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Iron deficiency impairs vitamin A (VA) metabolism in the rat but the mechanisms involved are unknown and the effect during development has not been investigated. We investigated the effect of pregnancy and maternal iron deficiency on VA metabolism in the mother and fetus. 54 rats were fed either a control or iron deficient diet for 2 weeks prior to mating and throughout pregnancy. Another 15 female rats followed the same diet and were used as non-pregnant controls. Maternal liver, placenta and fetal liver were collected at d21 for total VA, retinol and retinyl ester (RE) measurement and VA metabolic gene expression analysis. Iron deficiency increased maternal hepatic RE (P < .05) and total VA (P < .0001), fetal liver RE (P < .05), and decreased placenta total VA (P < .05). Pregnancy increased Cellular Retinol Binding Protein (CRBP)-II gene expression by 7 fold (P = .001), decreased VA levels (P = .0004) and VA metabolic gene expression (P < .0001) in the liver. Iron deficiency increased hepatic CRBPII expression by a further 2 fold (P = .044) and RBP4 by ~ 20% (P = .005), increased RBPR2 and decreased CRBPII, LRAT, and TTR in fetal liver, while it had no effect on VA metabolic gene expression in the placenta. Hepatic CRBPII expression is increased by pregnancy and further increased by iron deficiency, which may play an important role in VA metabolism and homeostasis. Maternal iron deficiency also alters VA metabolism in the fetus, which is likely to have consequences for development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-63
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Volume32
Early online date10 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Cottin, Sarah C. ; Gambling, Lorraine ; Hayes, Helen E. ; Stevens, Valerie J. ; McArdle, Harry J. / Pregnancy and maternal iron deficiency stimulate hepatic CRBPII expression in rats. In: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. 2016 ; Vol. 32. pp. 55-63.
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abstract = "Iron deficiency impairs vitamin A (VA) metabolism in the rat but the mechanisms involved are unknown and the effect during development has not been investigated. We investigated the effect of pregnancy and maternal iron deficiency on VA metabolism in the mother and fetus. 54 rats were fed either a control or iron deficient diet for 2 weeks prior to mating and throughout pregnancy. Another 15 female rats followed the same diet and were used as non-pregnant controls. Maternal liver, placenta and fetal liver were collected at d21 for total VA, retinol and retinyl ester (RE) measurement and VA metabolic gene expression analysis. Iron deficiency increased maternal hepatic RE (P < .05) and total VA (P < .0001), fetal liver RE (P < .05), and decreased placenta total VA (P < .05). Pregnancy increased Cellular Retinol Binding Protein (CRBP)-II gene expression by 7 fold (P = .001), decreased VA levels (P = .0004) and VA metabolic gene expression (P < .0001) in the liver. Iron deficiency increased hepatic CRBPII expression by a further 2 fold (P = .044) and RBP4 by ~ 20{\%} (P = .005), increased RBPR2 and decreased CRBPII, LRAT, and TTR in fetal liver, while it had no effect on VA metabolic gene expression in the placenta. Hepatic CRBPII expression is increased by pregnancy and further increased by iron deficiency, which may play an important role in VA metabolism and homeostasis. Maternal iron deficiency also alters VA metabolism in the fetus, which is likely to have consequences for development.",
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Pregnancy and maternal iron deficiency stimulate hepatic CRBPII expression in rats. / Cottin, Sarah C.; Gambling, Lorraine; Hayes, Helen E.; Stevens, Valerie J.; McArdle, Harry J.

In: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, Vol. 32, 06.2016, p. 55-63.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Pregnancy and maternal iron deficiency stimulate hepatic CRBPII expression in rats

AU - Cottin, Sarah C.

AU - Gambling, Lorraine

AU - Hayes, Helen E.

AU - Stevens, Valerie J.

AU - McArdle, Harry J.

PY - 2016/6

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AB - Iron deficiency impairs vitamin A (VA) metabolism in the rat but the mechanisms involved are unknown and the effect during development has not been investigated. We investigated the effect of pregnancy and maternal iron deficiency on VA metabolism in the mother and fetus. 54 rats were fed either a control or iron deficient diet for 2 weeks prior to mating and throughout pregnancy. Another 15 female rats followed the same diet and were used as non-pregnant controls. Maternal liver, placenta and fetal liver were collected at d21 for total VA, retinol and retinyl ester (RE) measurement and VA metabolic gene expression analysis. Iron deficiency increased maternal hepatic RE (P < .05) and total VA (P < .0001), fetal liver RE (P < .05), and decreased placenta total VA (P < .05). Pregnancy increased Cellular Retinol Binding Protein (CRBP)-II gene expression by 7 fold (P = .001), decreased VA levels (P = .0004) and VA metabolic gene expression (P < .0001) in the liver. Iron deficiency increased hepatic CRBPII expression by a further 2 fold (P = .044) and RBP4 by ~ 20% (P = .005), increased RBPR2 and decreased CRBPII, LRAT, and TTR in fetal liver, while it had no effect on VA metabolic gene expression in the placenta. Hepatic CRBPII expression is increased by pregnancy and further increased by iron deficiency, which may play an important role in VA metabolism and homeostasis. Maternal iron deficiency also alters VA metabolism in the fetus, which is likely to have consequences for development.

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