Priming concerns about pathogen threat versus resource scarcity: dissociable effects on women’s perceptions of men’s attractiveness and dominance

Christopher D. Watkins, Lisa M. DeBruine, Anthony C. Little, David R. Feinberg, Benedict C. Jones

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Previous experimental work suggests flexibility in women’s mate preferences that appears to reflect the advantages of choosing healthy mates under conditions of pathogen threat and of choosing prosocial mates under conditions of resource scarcity. Following this work, we used an established priming paradigm to examine the effects of priming women’s concerns about pathogen threat versus resource scarcity on their judgments of men’s facial attractiveness and dominance. We found that women reported stronger attraction to masculine men when their concerns about pathogens were activated than when their concerns about resource scarcity were activated. In contrast, we found that women were more likely to ascribe high dominance to masculine men when their concerns about resource scarcity were activated than when their concerns about pathogens were activated. This latter result may reflect the greater importance of identifying men who pose a substantial threat to women’s resources and personal safety when resources are scarce and violence towards women is particularly common. Together, these findings suggest a double dissociation between the effects of pathogen threat and resource scarcity on women’s perceptions of the attractiveness and dominance of masculine men, potentially revealing considerably greater specialization (i.e., context specificity) in the effects of environmental threats on women’s perceptions of men than was apparent in previous research.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventFirst Conference of Polish Society for Human and Evolution Studies: Humans in the Evolutionary Perspective - Collegium Anthropologicum in Kuźnicza 35 Street, building D1 of the Faculty of Law, Administration and Economics, Wrocław, Poland
Duration: 23 Oct 201425 Oct 2014
http://ptnce.pl/main.php?page=conferences&subpage=conferences&pageyear=2014&lang=en

Conference

ConferenceFirst Conference of Polish Society for Human and Evolution Studies
Abbreviated titlePTNCE
CountryPoland
CityWrocław
Period23/10/1425/10/14
Internet address

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social attraction
threat
resources
scarcity of resources
specialization
flexibility
violence
paradigm

Cite this

Watkins, C. D., DeBruine, L. M., Little, A. C., Feinberg, D. R., & Jones, B. C. (2014). Priming concerns about pathogen threat versus resource scarcity: dissociable effects on women’s perceptions of men’s attractiveness and dominance. Paper presented at First Conference of Polish Society for Human and Evolution Studies, Wrocław, Poland.
Watkins, Christopher D. ; DeBruine, Lisa M. ; Little, Anthony C. ; Feinberg, David R. ; Jones, Benedict C. / Priming concerns about pathogen threat versus resource scarcity : dissociable effects on women’s perceptions of men’s attractiveness and dominance. Paper presented at First Conference of Polish Society for Human and Evolution Studies, Wrocław, Poland.
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Watkins, CD, DeBruine, LM, Little, AC, Feinberg, DR & Jones, BC 2014, 'Priming concerns about pathogen threat versus resource scarcity: dissociable effects on women’s perceptions of men’s attractiveness and dominance' Paper presented at First Conference of Polish Society for Human and Evolution Studies, Wrocław, Poland, 23/10/14 - 25/10/14, .

Priming concerns about pathogen threat versus resource scarcity : dissociable effects on women’s perceptions of men’s attractiveness and dominance. / Watkins, Christopher D.; DeBruine, Lisa M.; Little, Anthony C.; Feinberg, David R.; Jones, Benedict C.

2014. Paper presented at First Conference of Polish Society for Human and Evolution Studies, Wrocław, Poland.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Priming concerns about pathogen threat versus resource scarcity

T2 - dissociable effects on women’s perceptions of men’s attractiveness and dominance

AU - Watkins, Christopher D.

AU - DeBruine, Lisa M.

AU - Little, Anthony C.

AU - Feinberg, David R.

AU - Jones, Benedict C.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Previous experimental work suggests flexibility in women’s mate preferences that appears to reflect the advantages of choosing healthy mates under conditions of pathogen threat and of choosing prosocial mates under conditions of resource scarcity. Following this work, we used an established priming paradigm to examine the effects of priming women’s concerns about pathogen threat versus resource scarcity on their judgments of men’s facial attractiveness and dominance. We found that women reported stronger attraction to masculine men when their concerns about pathogens were activated than when their concerns about resource scarcity were activated. In contrast, we found that women were more likely to ascribe high dominance to masculine men when their concerns about resource scarcity were activated than when their concerns about pathogens were activated. This latter result may reflect the greater importance of identifying men who pose a substantial threat to women’s resources and personal safety when resources are scarce and violence towards women is particularly common. Together, these findings suggest a double dissociation between the effects of pathogen threat and resource scarcity on women’s perceptions of the attractiveness and dominance of masculine men, potentially revealing considerably greater specialization (i.e., context specificity) in the effects of environmental threats on women’s perceptions of men than was apparent in previous research.

AB - Previous experimental work suggests flexibility in women’s mate preferences that appears to reflect the advantages of choosing healthy mates under conditions of pathogen threat and of choosing prosocial mates under conditions of resource scarcity. Following this work, we used an established priming paradigm to examine the effects of priming women’s concerns about pathogen threat versus resource scarcity on their judgments of men’s facial attractiveness and dominance. We found that women reported stronger attraction to masculine men when their concerns about pathogens were activated than when their concerns about resource scarcity were activated. In contrast, we found that women were more likely to ascribe high dominance to masculine men when their concerns about resource scarcity were activated than when their concerns about pathogens were activated. This latter result may reflect the greater importance of identifying men who pose a substantial threat to women’s resources and personal safety when resources are scarce and violence towards women is particularly common. Together, these findings suggest a double dissociation between the effects of pathogen threat and resource scarcity on women’s perceptions of the attractiveness and dominance of masculine men, potentially revealing considerably greater specialization (i.e., context specificity) in the effects of environmental threats on women’s perceptions of men than was apparent in previous research.

M3 - Paper

ER -

Watkins CD, DeBruine LM, Little AC, Feinberg DR, Jones BC. Priming concerns about pathogen threat versus resource scarcity: dissociable effects on women’s perceptions of men’s attractiveness and dominance. 2014. Paper presented at First Conference of Polish Society for Human and Evolution Studies, Wrocław, Poland.