This research investigates pro-poor tourism (PPT), which has only been considered in a third world context, in a first world country, determining whether PPT principles are being used to alleviate poverty in a developed location, Glasgow Govan, in Scotland. The research develops and applies a new PPT principles tool to regeneration projects in the area and reveals a significant level of PPT application there. The findings suggest that PPT can be an over-complication of a common sense development approach that any responsible government should promote. The results also question the validity of community based tourism initiatives.
Butler, R., Curran, R., & O'Gorman, K. D. (2012). Pro‐poor tourism in a first world urban setting: case study of Glasgow Govan. International Journal of Tourism Research, 15(5), 443–457. https://doi.org/10.1002/jtr.1888