Protective factors of suicide and suicidal behaviour relevant to emergency healthcare settings: a systematic review and narrative synthesis of post-2007 reviews

Kirstie McClatchey, Jennifer Murray, Anne Rowat, Zoë Chouliara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives

Suicide is a major public health concern and, with recent societal changes, such as economic and technological changes, there may be emerging protective factors that mitigate suicide risk which are unrecognised in emergency healthcare. This systematic review aims to identify protective factors for suicide that can feasibly be assessed in time-limited emergency healthcare settings.

Methods

A systematic review of reviews was conducted via PsycINFO, CINAHL and Medline (2007-2015). Reviews were assessed for methodological quality using AMSTAR.

Results

Twenty-four reviews met the inclusion criteria, eight were assessed as high quality and included in a narrative synthesis. Known protective factors were identified (e.g., social support), along with emerging protective factors (e.g., internet support).

Conclusions

The review synthesises recent research evidence on protective factors and discusses their relevance to emergency healthcare.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1-32
Number of pages32
JournalArchives of Suicide Research
Early online date11 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Suicide
Emergencies
Delivery of Health Care
Social Support
Internet
Public Health
Economics
Protective Factors
Research

Cite this

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title = "Protective factors of suicide and suicidal behaviour relevant to emergency healthcare settings: a systematic review and narrative synthesis of post-2007 reviews",
abstract = "ObjectivesSuicide is a major public health concern and, with recent societal changes, such as economic and technological changes, there may be emerging protective factors that mitigate suicide risk which are unrecognised in emergency healthcare. This systematic review aims to identify protective factors for suicide that can feasibly be assessed in time-limited emergency healthcare settings.MethodsA systematic review of reviews was conducted via PsycINFO, CINAHL and Medline (2007-2015). Reviews were assessed for methodological quality using AMSTAR.ResultsTwenty-four reviews met the inclusion criteria, eight were assessed as high quality and included in a narrative synthesis. Known protective factors were identified (e.g., social support), along with emerging protective factors (e.g., internet support).ConclusionsThe review synthesises recent research evidence on protective factors and discusses their relevance to emergency healthcare.",
author = "Kirstie McClatchey and Jennifer Murray and Anne Rowat and Zo{\"e} Chouliara",
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AU - Rowat, Anne

AU - Chouliara, Zoë

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N2 - ObjectivesSuicide is a major public health concern and, with recent societal changes, such as economic and technological changes, there may be emerging protective factors that mitigate suicide risk which are unrecognised in emergency healthcare. This systematic review aims to identify protective factors for suicide that can feasibly be assessed in time-limited emergency healthcare settings.MethodsA systematic review of reviews was conducted via PsycINFO, CINAHL and Medline (2007-2015). Reviews were assessed for methodological quality using AMSTAR.ResultsTwenty-four reviews met the inclusion criteria, eight were assessed as high quality and included in a narrative synthesis. Known protective factors were identified (e.g., social support), along with emerging protective factors (e.g., internet support).ConclusionsThe review synthesises recent research evidence on protective factors and discusses their relevance to emergency healthcare.

AB - ObjectivesSuicide is a major public health concern and, with recent societal changes, such as economic and technological changes, there may be emerging protective factors that mitigate suicide risk which are unrecognised in emergency healthcare. This systematic review aims to identify protective factors for suicide that can feasibly be assessed in time-limited emergency healthcare settings.MethodsA systematic review of reviews was conducted via PsycINFO, CINAHL and Medline (2007-2015). Reviews were assessed for methodological quality using AMSTAR.ResultsTwenty-four reviews met the inclusion criteria, eight were assessed as high quality and included in a narrative synthesis. Known protective factors were identified (e.g., social support), along with emerging protective factors (e.g., internet support).ConclusionsThe review synthesises recent research evidence on protective factors and discusses their relevance to emergency healthcare.

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