Reducing risky security behaviours: utilising affective feedback to educate users

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Despite the number of tools created to help end-users reduce risky security behaviours, users are still falling victim to online attacks. This paper proposes a browser extension utilising affective feedback to provide warnings on detection of risky behaviour. The paper provides an overview of behaviour considered to be risky, explaining potential threats users may face online. Existing tools developed to reduce risky security behaviours in end-users have been compared, discussing the success rates of various methodologies. Ongoing research is described which attempts to educate users regarding the risks and consequences of poor security behaviour by providing the appropriate feedback on the automatic recognition of risky behaviour. The paper concludes that a solution utilising a browser extension is a suitable method of monitoring potentially risky security behaviour. Ultimately, future work seeks to implement an affective feedback mechanism within the browser extension with the aim of improving security awareness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)760-772
Number of pages13
JournalFuture Internet
Issue number4
Early online date27 Nov 2014
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014


  • Usable security
  • End-user security behaviours
  • Affective computing
  • User monitoring techniques
  • Affective feedback
  • Security awareness


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