Resilience of soil to biological invasion: analysis of spread on networks

Wilfred Otten, Dmitri V. Grinev, Francisco J. Perez-Reche, Franco Neri, Luciano da F. Costa, Marcel Biana, Christopher A. Gilligan, Sergei N. Taraskin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A network model for soil pore volume is presented and applied to the analysis of biological invasion of microorganisms. The pore geometry of two soils with a relatively high or low bulk density were quantified with the use of X-ray tomography and networks were constructed to present the pore space by channels connecting intersecting points. This network was subsequently quantified by the measurement of biologically relevant parameters, such as the distribution of lengths of the links between two nodes, the coordination number of the nodes, and the distribution of the sizes of the links between two nodes. Spread of microorganisms was subsequently considered as a function of these characteristics and embedded into a simple epidemiological model for spread that can be mapped onto percolation theory. We found that the networks display critical behaviour for biological invasions with a greater resilience to invasion for the more densely packed soil. We also found that inherent heterogeneity of soil systems further contributes to resilience to invasion.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science
Subtitle of host publicationSoil Solutions for a Changing World, Brisbane, Australia 1-6 August 2010
EditorsRobert Gilkes, Nattaporn Prakongkep
Place of PublicationBrisbane
PublisherInternational Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS)
Pages68-71
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9780646537832, 9781618391025
StatePublished - Aug 2010
Event19th World Congress of Soil Science 2010 - Brisbane, Australia

Other

Other19th World Congress of Soil Science 2010
CountryAustralia
CityBrisbane
Period1/08/106/08/10

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soil
biological invasion
resilience
microorganism
pore space
bulk density
tomography
geometry

Cite this

Otten, W., Grinev, D. V., Perez-Reche, F. J., Neri, F., Costa, L. D. F., Biana, M., ... Taraskin, S. N. (2010). Resilience of soil to biological invasion: analysis of spread on networks. In R. Gilkes, & N. Prakongkep (Eds.), Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science: Soil Solutions for a Changing World, Brisbane, Australia 1-6 August 2010 (pp. 68-71). Brisbane: International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS).

Otten, Wilfred; Grinev, Dmitri V.; Perez-Reche, Francisco J.; Neri, Franco; Costa, Luciano da F.; Biana, Marcel; Gilligan, Christopher A.; Taraskin, Sergei N. / Resilience of soil to biological invasion : analysis of spread on networks.

Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science: Soil Solutions for a Changing World, Brisbane, Australia 1-6 August 2010. ed. / Robert Gilkes; Nattaporn Prakongkep. Brisbane : International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS), 2010. p. 68-71.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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abstract = "A network model for soil pore volume is presented and applied to the analysis of biological invasion of microorganisms. The pore geometry of two soils with a relatively high or low bulk density were quantified with the use of X-ray tomography and networks were constructed to present the pore space by channels connecting intersecting points. This network was subsequently quantified by the measurement of biologically relevant parameters, such as the distribution of lengths of the links between two nodes, the coordination number of the nodes, and the distribution of the sizes of the links between two nodes. Spread of microorganisms was subsequently considered as a function of these characteristics and embedded into a simple epidemiological model for spread that can be mapped onto percolation theory. We found that the networks display critical behaviour for biological invasions with a greater resilience to invasion for the more densely packed soil. We also found that inherent heterogeneity of soil systems further contributes to resilience to invasion.",
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Otten, W, Grinev, DV, Perez-Reche, FJ, Neri, F, Costa, LDF, Biana, M, Gilligan, CA & Taraskin, SN 2010, Resilience of soil to biological invasion: analysis of spread on networks. in R Gilkes & N Prakongkep (eds), Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science: Soil Solutions for a Changing World, Brisbane, Australia 1-6 August 2010. International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS), Brisbane, pp. 68-71, 19th World Congress of Soil Science 2010, Brisbane, Australia, 1-6 August.

Resilience of soil to biological invasion : analysis of spread on networks. / Otten, Wilfred; Grinev, Dmitri V.; Perez-Reche, Francisco J.; Neri, Franco; Costa, Luciano da F.; Biana, Marcel; Gilligan, Christopher A.; Taraskin, Sergei N.

Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science: Soil Solutions for a Changing World, Brisbane, Australia 1-6 August 2010. ed. / Robert Gilkes; Nattaporn Prakongkep. Brisbane : International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS), 2010. p. 68-71.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T2 - analysis of spread on networks

AU - Otten,Wilfred

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AU - Costa,Luciano da F.

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AU - Taraskin,Sergei N.

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N2 - A network model for soil pore volume is presented and applied to the analysis of biological invasion of microorganisms. The pore geometry of two soils with a relatively high or low bulk density were quantified with the use of X-ray tomography and networks were constructed to present the pore space by channels connecting intersecting points. This network was subsequently quantified by the measurement of biologically relevant parameters, such as the distribution of lengths of the links between two nodes, the coordination number of the nodes, and the distribution of the sizes of the links between two nodes. Spread of microorganisms was subsequently considered as a function of these characteristics and embedded into a simple epidemiological model for spread that can be mapped onto percolation theory. We found that the networks display critical behaviour for biological invasions with a greater resilience to invasion for the more densely packed soil. We also found that inherent heterogeneity of soil systems further contributes to resilience to invasion.

AB - A network model for soil pore volume is presented and applied to the analysis of biological invasion of microorganisms. The pore geometry of two soils with a relatively high or low bulk density were quantified with the use of X-ray tomography and networks were constructed to present the pore space by channels connecting intersecting points. This network was subsequently quantified by the measurement of biologically relevant parameters, such as the distribution of lengths of the links between two nodes, the coordination number of the nodes, and the distribution of the sizes of the links between two nodes. Spread of microorganisms was subsequently considered as a function of these characteristics and embedded into a simple epidemiological model for spread that can be mapped onto percolation theory. We found that the networks display critical behaviour for biological invasions with a greater resilience to invasion for the more densely packed soil. We also found that inherent heterogeneity of soil systems further contributes to resilience to invasion.

M3 - Conference contribution

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BT - Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science

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Otten W, Grinev DV, Perez-Reche FJ, Neri F, Costa LDF, Biana M et al. Resilience of soil to biological invasion: analysis of spread on networks. In Gilkes R, Prakongkep N, editors, Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science: Soil Solutions for a Changing World, Brisbane, Australia 1-6 August 2010. Brisbane: International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS). 2010. p. 68-71.