‘Safe enough in here?’: patients' expectations and experiences of feeling safe in an acute psychiatric inpatient ward

Rosemary C. Stenhouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims and objectives
To understand the experience of being a patient on an acute psychiatric inpatient ward.

Background
Acute psychiatric inpatient care is an integral part of the mental health system. A key driver for admission to acute wards is risk. Previous research indicates that people do not always feel safe when in an acute ward. Understanding the patient experience of safety can influence nursing practice, as well as policy and service development.

Design
A qualitative approach was used. Patient experience was conceptualised as represented through narrative as data. Sociolinguistic theories linking narrative structure with meaning informed the development of the analytic framework.

Methods
Thirteen patients with a variety of diagnoses were recruited from an acute ward. Unstructured interviews were carried out in participants' homes two and six weeks postdischarge. Holistic analysis of each individual's data set was undertaken. Themes running across these holistic analyses were then identified and developed.

Results
Participant narratives were focused around themes of help, safety and power. This study presents findings relating to the experience of safety. Participants expected to be safe from themselves and from others. Initially, they experienced a sense of safety from the outside world. Lack of knowledge of their fellow patients made them feel vulnerable. Participants expected the nurses to keep them safe, and felt safer when there were male nurses present.

Conclusions
Participants talk about safety in terms of psychological and physical safety. A key issue was the perception of threat from other patients, highlighting the need to consider patient safety as more than physical safety.

Relevance to practice
Nurses need to be sensitive to the possibility that patients feel unsafe in the absence of obvious threat. Institutional structures that challenge patients' sense of safety must be examined.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3109–3119
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume22
Issue number21-22
Early online date22 Jul 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

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