Self-centering steel column base with metallic energy dissipation devices

Vasileios C. Kamperidis*, Theodore L. Karavasilis, George Vasdravellis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Column bases of seismic-resistant steel frames are typically designed as full-strength to ensure that plastic hinges develop in the bottom end of the first-storey columns. Alternatively, column bases may be designed as partial-strength and dissipate energy through inelastic deformations in their main components (i.e., base plate, steel anchor rods). Both design philosophies result in difficult-to-repair damage and residual drifts. Moreover, the second design philosophy results in complex hysteretic behaviour with strength and stiffness deterioration. This paper proposes a partial-strength low-damage self-centering steel column base. The column base provides flexibility in the design as its rotational stiffness and moment resistance can be independently tuned. The paper presents an analytical model that predicts the stiffness, strength, and hysteretic behaviour of the column base. In addition, a design procedure and detailed finite element models are presented. The paper evaluates the effectiveness of the column base by carrying out nonlinear dynamic analyses on a prototype steel building designed as post-tensioned self-centering moment-resisting frame. The results demonstrate the potential of the column base to reduce the residual first-storey drifts and protect the first-storey columns from yielding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-30
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Volume149
Early online date14 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Steel
Energy dissipation
Stiffness
Anchor bolts
Hinges
Deterioration
Analytical models
Repair
Plastics

Cite this

@article{1362ba0955994a52a385c3d4dc0e2bf3,
title = "Self-centering steel column base with metallic energy dissipation devices",
abstract = "Column bases of seismic-resistant steel frames are typically designed as full-strength to ensure that plastic hinges develop in the bottom end of the first-storey columns. Alternatively, column bases may be designed as partial-strength and dissipate energy through inelastic deformations in their main components (i.e., base plate, steel anchor rods). Both design philosophies result in difficult-to-repair damage and residual drifts. Moreover, the second design philosophy results in complex hysteretic behaviour with strength and stiffness deterioration. This paper proposes a partial-strength low-damage self-centering steel column base. The column base provides flexibility in the design as its rotational stiffness and moment resistance can be independently tuned. The paper presents an analytical model that predicts the stiffness, strength, and hysteretic behaviour of the column base. In addition, a design procedure and detailed finite element models are presented. The paper evaluates the effectiveness of the column base by carrying out nonlinear dynamic analyses on a prototype steel building designed as post-tensioned self-centering moment-resisting frame. The results demonstrate the potential of the column base to reduce the residual first-storey drifts and protect the first-storey columns from yielding.",
author = "Kamperidis, {Vasileios C.} and Karavasilis, {Theodore L.} and George Vasdravellis",
year = "2018",
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language = "English",
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pages = "14--30",
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publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

Self-centering steel column base with metallic energy dissipation devices. / Kamperidis, Vasileios C.; Karavasilis, Theodore L.; Vasdravellis, George.

In: Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 149, 01.10.2018, p. 14-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-centering steel column base with metallic energy dissipation devices

AU - Kamperidis, Vasileios C.

AU - Karavasilis, Theodore L.

AU - Vasdravellis, George

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - Column bases of seismic-resistant steel frames are typically designed as full-strength to ensure that plastic hinges develop in the bottom end of the first-storey columns. Alternatively, column bases may be designed as partial-strength and dissipate energy through inelastic deformations in their main components (i.e., base plate, steel anchor rods). Both design philosophies result in difficult-to-repair damage and residual drifts. Moreover, the second design philosophy results in complex hysteretic behaviour with strength and stiffness deterioration. This paper proposes a partial-strength low-damage self-centering steel column base. The column base provides flexibility in the design as its rotational stiffness and moment resistance can be independently tuned. The paper presents an analytical model that predicts the stiffness, strength, and hysteretic behaviour of the column base. In addition, a design procedure and detailed finite element models are presented. The paper evaluates the effectiveness of the column base by carrying out nonlinear dynamic analyses on a prototype steel building designed as post-tensioned self-centering moment-resisting frame. The results demonstrate the potential of the column base to reduce the residual first-storey drifts and protect the first-storey columns from yielding.

AB - Column bases of seismic-resistant steel frames are typically designed as full-strength to ensure that plastic hinges develop in the bottom end of the first-storey columns. Alternatively, column bases may be designed as partial-strength and dissipate energy through inelastic deformations in their main components (i.e., base plate, steel anchor rods). Both design philosophies result in difficult-to-repair damage and residual drifts. Moreover, the second design philosophy results in complex hysteretic behaviour with strength and stiffness deterioration. This paper proposes a partial-strength low-damage self-centering steel column base. The column base provides flexibility in the design as its rotational stiffness and moment resistance can be independently tuned. The paper presents an analytical model that predicts the stiffness, strength, and hysteretic behaviour of the column base. In addition, a design procedure and detailed finite element models are presented. The paper evaluates the effectiveness of the column base by carrying out nonlinear dynamic analyses on a prototype steel building designed as post-tensioned self-centering moment-resisting frame. The results demonstrate the potential of the column base to reduce the residual first-storey drifts and protect the first-storey columns from yielding.

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