Simulating microbial degradation of organic matter in a simple porous system using the 3-D diffusion-based model MOSAIC

O. Monga, Patricia Garnier, V. Pot, E. Coucheney, N. Nunan, Wilfred Otten, Claire Chenu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This paper deals with the simulation of microbial degradation of organic matter in soil within the pore space at a microscopic scale. Pore space was analysed with micro-computed tomography and described using a sphere network coming from a geometrical modelling algorithm. The biological model was improved regarding previous work in order to include the transformation of dissolved organic compounds and diffusion processes. We tested our model using experimental results of a simple substrate decomposition experiment (fructose) within a simple medium (sand) in the presence of different bacterial strains. Separate incubations were carried out in microcosms using five different bacterial communities at two different water potentials of −10 and −100 cm of water. We calibrated the biological parameters by means of experimental data obtained at high water content, and we tested the model without changing any parameters at low water content. Same as for the experimental data, our simulation results showed that the decrease in water content caused a decrease of mineralization rate. The model was able to simulate the decrease of connectivity between substrate and microorganism due the decrease of water content.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2201-2209
Number of pages9
JournalBiogeosciences
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2014

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biodegradation
water content
organic matter
degradation
pore space
micro-computed tomography
substrate
organic compounds
bacterial communities
water potential
microcosm
tomography
simulation
connectivity
fructose
organic compound
mineralization
soil organic matter
microorganism
incubation

Cite this

Monga, O. ; Garnier, Patricia ; Pot, V. ; Coucheney, E. ; Nunan, N. ; Otten, Wilfred ; Chenu, Claire. / Simulating microbial degradation of organic matter in a simple porous system using the 3-D diffusion-based model MOSAIC. In: Biogeosciences. 2014 ; Vol. 11. pp. 2201-2209.
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Simulating microbial degradation of organic matter in a simple porous system using the 3-D diffusion-based model MOSAIC. / Monga, O.; Garnier, Patricia; Pot, V.; Coucheney, E.; Nunan, N.; Otten, Wilfred; Chenu, Claire.

In: Biogeosciences, Vol. 11, 22.04.2014, p. 2201-2209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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