Social traditions

Lara A. Wood, Andrew Whiten

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Social traditions, here defined as displaying inter-group behavioural differences acquired through social learning, have been identified in a number of primate species. Here we review research methods used in the wild and in captivity to identify the presence of both primate social traditions and the necessary social learning mechanisms involved. Moving beyond evidence of the presence of primate social traditions, to their function, longevity, biased transmission, conformity and cumulative nature, allows for the exploration of convergences and divergences between primate and human traditions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe international encyclopedia of primatology
EditorsAgustín Fuentes
Place of PublicationChichester
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781119179313
ISBN (Print)9780470673379
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2017


  • Cumulative culture
  • Transmission biases
  • Conformity
  • Tradition
  • Learning
  • Behavior
  • Cognition
  • Culture


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