Sociological tools for improving women’s representation and experiences in strength and conditioning coaching

Rhiannon Lord*, Mykolas Kavaliauskas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


Women are underrepresented in strength and conditioning (S&C) coaching, arguably more so than women in sport coaching. They account for approximately 6-16% of strength and conditioning coaches at all levels, thus negatively affecting the gendered experiences of women working in S&C. Based on evidence from coaching research, this is likely because of longstanding patterns of structural bias and discrimination, which is inherent in sport, but it is important for future strength and conditioning coaches (SCCs), both men and women, that more equitable practices and opportunities are implemented. In this article, we present 3 sociological perspectives as tools for those working in S&C, including individual coaches, educators, governing bodies, and organizations, to critically examine their gendered practices and environments. We hope that by doing sociology within their day-to-day practice, those working in S&C can develop a better awareness of structural bias and forms of discrimination that affect women SCCs' experiences and then, where possible, make positive changes for women working in the field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-48
Number of pages9
JournalStrength and Conditioning Journal
Issue number1
Early online date13 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023


  • Sociology
  • Coaching
  • Strength and conditioning coaching
  • Women in strength and conditioning
  • Women strength and conditioning coaches
  • Theory and practice


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