Soil fungal dynamics

parameterisation and sensitivity analysis of modelled physiological processes, soil architecture and carbon distribution

K. Cazelles, Wilfred Otten, Philippe C. Baveye, Ruth E. Falconer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of fungi in soil ecosystem sustainability is poorly understood, as is the extent to which it is affected by the microscale heterogeneity of soils with respect to structure, chemistry and biology. This is due to the complexity of soil ecosystems, presenting significant challenges to their study in situ. Many theoretical and simulation models have been developed to link nutrient levels to colony dynamics. Unfortunately, there is currently no model that can take both structural and nutritional microscale heterogeneity into account, and is parameterised for the soil environment. In this context, the objective of this article is to develop such a 3D spatially explicit model of fungal dynamics, and to calibrate it for a soil system using data from the literature. A sensitivity analysis is carried out to better understand the uncertainties in the input parameters and their effect on colony dynamics in terms of biomass yield and respiration rates. The results highlight simulation outcomes that are most suited to validation by experimentation. The results also indicate that predictions in biomass yield are sensitive to uncertainties in model parameters relative to the soil–fungal complex that at this point are insufficiently understood experimentally and still have to be estimated by model fitting. The latter parameters, which influence biomass yield and respiration, are associated with biomass recycling processes such as adsorption (,αni) desorption (βni, βi), insulation (ζni) and biomass yield efficiency (ɛ1), and translocation (Dv). The model now opens up great opportunities for hypothesis-driven research, combining theoretical models and novel types of experimentation, especially given the recently acquired ability to generate artificial, replicable soil-like microcosms on which to test model predictions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-173
Number of pages9
JournalEcological Modelling
Volume248
Early online date15 Nov 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2013

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sensitivity analysis
parameterization
carbon
biomass
soil
soil ecosystem
respiration
insulation
prediction
distribution
soil process
model test
microcosm
translocation
simulation
desorption
recycling
sustainability
fungus
adsorption

Cite this

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title = "Soil fungal dynamics: parameterisation and sensitivity analysis of modelled physiological processes, soil architecture and carbon distribution",
abstract = "The role of fungi in soil ecosystem sustainability is poorly understood, as is the extent to which it is affected by the microscale heterogeneity of soils with respect to structure, chemistry and biology. This is due to the complexity of soil ecosystems, presenting significant challenges to their study in situ. Many theoretical and simulation models have been developed to link nutrient levels to colony dynamics. Unfortunately, there is currently no model that can take both structural and nutritional microscale heterogeneity into account, and is parameterised for the soil environment. In this context, the objective of this article is to develop such a 3D spatially explicit model of fungal dynamics, and to calibrate it for a soil system using data from the literature. A sensitivity analysis is carried out to better understand the uncertainties in the input parameters and their effect on colony dynamics in terms of biomass yield and respiration rates. The results highlight simulation outcomes that are most suited to validation by experimentation. The results also indicate that predictions in biomass yield are sensitive to uncertainties in model parameters relative to the soil–fungal complex that at this point are insufficiently understood experimentally and still have to be estimated by model fitting. The latter parameters, which influence biomass yield and respiration, are associated with biomass recycling processes such as adsorption (,αni) desorption (βni, βi), insulation (ζni) and biomass yield efficiency (ɛ1), and translocation (Dv). The model now opens up great opportunities for hypothesis-driven research, combining theoretical models and novel types of experimentation, especially given the recently acquired ability to generate artificial, replicable soil-like microcosms on which to test model predictions.",
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Soil fungal dynamics : parameterisation and sensitivity analysis of modelled physiological processes, soil architecture and carbon distribution. / Cazelles, K.; Otten, Wilfred; Baveye, Philippe C.; Falconer, Ruth E.

In: Ecological Modelling, Vol. 248, 10.01.2013, p. 165-173.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Cazelles, K.

AU - Otten, Wilfred

AU - Baveye, Philippe C.

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AB - The role of fungi in soil ecosystem sustainability is poorly understood, as is the extent to which it is affected by the microscale heterogeneity of soils with respect to structure, chemistry and biology. This is due to the complexity of soil ecosystems, presenting significant challenges to their study in situ. Many theoretical and simulation models have been developed to link nutrient levels to colony dynamics. Unfortunately, there is currently no model that can take both structural and nutritional microscale heterogeneity into account, and is parameterised for the soil environment. In this context, the objective of this article is to develop such a 3D spatially explicit model of fungal dynamics, and to calibrate it for a soil system using data from the literature. A sensitivity analysis is carried out to better understand the uncertainties in the input parameters and their effect on colony dynamics in terms of biomass yield and respiration rates. The results highlight simulation outcomes that are most suited to validation by experimentation. The results also indicate that predictions in biomass yield are sensitive to uncertainties in model parameters relative to the soil–fungal complex that at this point are insufficiently understood experimentally and still have to be estimated by model fitting. The latter parameters, which influence biomass yield and respiration, are associated with biomass recycling processes such as adsorption (,αni) desorption (βni, βi), insulation (ζni) and biomass yield efficiency (ɛ1), and translocation (Dv). The model now opens up great opportunities for hypothesis-driven research, combining theoretical models and novel types of experimentation, especially given the recently acquired ability to generate artificial, replicable soil-like microcosms on which to test model predictions.

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