Soil physics, fungal epidemiology and the spread of Rhizoctonia solani

Wilfred Otten, Darroch Hall, Kirsty Harris, Karl Ritz, Iain M. Young, Christopher A. Gilligan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    75 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    • The role of soil structure on colonization efficiency of the pathogen Rhizoctonia solani is analysed by linking experimental techniques that control and quantify soil structure with epidemiological concepts that deal with the fungal dynamics of colonization.
    • The dynamics of colonization efficiency are quantified for the fungal colony spreading through replicated samples of a nonsterile sandy loam with different physical properties. The effect of bulk-density and aggregate-size on the air-filled pore volume is assessed by examination of thin soil sections and by quantification of pore-size distributions estimated from water-retention characteristics.
    • An increase in bulk-density and a reduction in aggregate size increased the fraction of micropores in the air-filled pore volume at the expense of larger pores. These changes resulted in smaller, more slowly expanding fungal colonies and significantly reduced the volume of soil from which a nutrient source can become colonized.
    • It is concluded that colonization efficiency is a convenient way to summarize the complicated dynamics of mycelial growth through soil. We use the results to discuss the effect of soil structure on the saprotrophic and parasitic invasion of soil by fungi.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)459-468
    Number of pages10
    JournalNew Phytologist
    Volume151
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2001

    Keywords

    • Pathogen
    • Epidemiology
    • Soil structure
    • Pathozone
    • Pore-sizes
    • Soil physical conditions
    • Rhizoctonia solani
    • Fungal spread

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