The causes of career termination from sport and their relationship to post-retirement adjustment among elite-amateur athletes in Australia

David Lavallee*, J. Robert Grove, Sandy Gordon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)


Former athletes (N = 48) from a variety of sports provided information about the primary reason for their athletic retirement and the degree of adjustment required. Content analysis of reasons for retirement indicated that this sample of athletes retired from competitive sport for numerous reasons, including age, injury, deselection, and voluntary career termination. Subsequent comparisons between athletes who retired for voluntary and involuntary reasons indicated that involuntary retirement was associated with significantly greater emotional and social adjustment on career termination. In addition, the former athletes who experienced the greatest adjustment difficulty perceived the least personal control over the reasons for retirement. Implications for professional and applied work in the area are discussed, and suggestions are made regarding future research on career transitions from sport.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-135
Number of pages5
JournalAustralian Psychologist
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes


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