The chemistry of ultrasonic degradation of organic compounds

David H. Bremner, Arthur E. Burgess, Rashmi Chand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)
28 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The destruction of toxic organic molecules using advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) is a potent tool for pollution control and environmental protection. Ultrasound is a convenient and effective method of generating hydroxyl radicals which is the key oxidant in AOPs. This review describes the use of ultrasound and associated chemical reactions, with and without additives, as a powerful means of remediating water contaminated with organic pollutants. After a brief introduction to ultrasound and sonochemistry, their application for the oxidation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, phenol and substituted phenols is considered. Next is the decomposition of chlorinated phenols, and other chlorinated organics, then removal of recalcitrant smaller organic molecules. A discussion follows of recent work that has investigated the effects of initial concentration of substrates; the use of different ultrasonic frequencies; the inclusion of oxidising species, inorganic particles, or salts and their contribution to enhanced degradation. Finally, brief comments are made on the status of ultrasound as an AOP treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-177
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Organic Chemistry
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011

Fingerprint

Organic compounds
Ultrasonics
Degradation
Oxidation
Phenols
Sonochemistry
Molecules
Organic pollutants
Pollution control
Poisons
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Environmental protection
Phenol
Oxidants
Hydroxyl Radical
Chemical reactions
Salts
Decomposition
Water
Substrates

Cite this

Bremner, David H. ; Burgess, Arthur E. ; Chand, Rashmi. / The chemistry of ultrasonic degradation of organic compounds. In: Current Organic Chemistry. 2011 ; Vol. 15, No. 2. pp. 168-177.
@article{693fd0b06a7640ee83c2c43e8b4c246b,
title = "The chemistry of ultrasonic degradation of organic compounds",
abstract = "The destruction of toxic organic molecules using advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) is a potent tool for pollution control and environmental protection. Ultrasound is a convenient and effective method of generating hydroxyl radicals which is the key oxidant in AOPs. This review describes the use of ultrasound and associated chemical reactions, with and without additives, as a powerful means of remediating water contaminated with organic pollutants. After a brief introduction to ultrasound and sonochemistry, their application for the oxidation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, phenol and substituted phenols is considered. Next is the decomposition of chlorinated phenols, and other chlorinated organics, then removal of recalcitrant smaller organic molecules. A discussion follows of recent work that has investigated the effects of initial concentration of substrates; the use of different ultrasonic frequencies; the inclusion of oxidising species, inorganic particles, or salts and their contribution to enhanced degradation. Finally, brief comments are made on the status of ultrasound as an AOP treatment.",
author = "Bremner, {David H.} and Burgess, {Arthur E.} and Rashmi Chand",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
doi = "10.2174/138527211793979862",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "168--177",
journal = "Current Organic Chemistry",
issn = "1385-2728",
publisher = "Bentham Science Publishers B.V.",
number = "2",

}

The chemistry of ultrasonic degradation of organic compounds. / Bremner, David H.; Burgess, Arthur E.; Chand, Rashmi.

In: Current Organic Chemistry, Vol. 15, No. 2, 01.2011, p. 168-177.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The chemistry of ultrasonic degradation of organic compounds

AU - Bremner, David H.

AU - Burgess, Arthur E.

AU - Chand, Rashmi

PY - 2011/1

Y1 - 2011/1

N2 - The destruction of toxic organic molecules using advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) is a potent tool for pollution control and environmental protection. Ultrasound is a convenient and effective method of generating hydroxyl radicals which is the key oxidant in AOPs. This review describes the use of ultrasound and associated chemical reactions, with and without additives, as a powerful means of remediating water contaminated with organic pollutants. After a brief introduction to ultrasound and sonochemistry, their application for the oxidation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, phenol and substituted phenols is considered. Next is the decomposition of chlorinated phenols, and other chlorinated organics, then removal of recalcitrant smaller organic molecules. A discussion follows of recent work that has investigated the effects of initial concentration of substrates; the use of different ultrasonic frequencies; the inclusion of oxidising species, inorganic particles, or salts and their contribution to enhanced degradation. Finally, brief comments are made on the status of ultrasound as an AOP treatment.

AB - The destruction of toxic organic molecules using advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) is a potent tool for pollution control and environmental protection. Ultrasound is a convenient and effective method of generating hydroxyl radicals which is the key oxidant in AOPs. This review describes the use of ultrasound and associated chemical reactions, with and without additives, as a powerful means of remediating water contaminated with organic pollutants. After a brief introduction to ultrasound and sonochemistry, their application for the oxidation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, phenol and substituted phenols is considered. Next is the decomposition of chlorinated phenols, and other chlorinated organics, then removal of recalcitrant smaller organic molecules. A discussion follows of recent work that has investigated the effects of initial concentration of substrates; the use of different ultrasonic frequencies; the inclusion of oxidising species, inorganic particles, or salts and their contribution to enhanced degradation. Finally, brief comments are made on the status of ultrasound as an AOP treatment.

U2 - 10.2174/138527211793979862

DO - 10.2174/138527211793979862

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 168

EP - 177

JO - Current Organic Chemistry

JF - Current Organic Chemistry

SN - 1385-2728

IS - 2

ER -