The experience of watching dance: phenomenological–neuroscience duets

Corinne Jola, Shantel Ehrenberg, Dee Reynolds

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Abstract

This paper discusses possible correspondences between neuroscientific findings and phenomenologically informed methodologies in the investigation of kinesthetic empathy in watching dance. Interest in phenomenology has recently increased in cognitive science (Gallagher and Zahavi 2008) and dance scholars have recently contributed important new insights into the use of phenomenology in dance studies (e.g. Legrand and Ravn (Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8(3):389–408, 2009); Parviainen (Dance Research Journal 34(1):11–26, 2002); Rothfield (Topoi 24:43–53, 2005)). In vision research, coherent neural mechanisms for perceptual phenomena were uncovered, thus supporting correlation of phenomenology and neurophysiology Spillmann (Vision Research 49(12):1507–1521, 2009). Correspondingly, correlating subjects’ neurophysiological data with qualitative responses has been proposed as a means to research the human brain in the study of consciousness (Gallagher and Zahavi 2008), with similar issues in clinical psychology Mishara (Current Opinion in Psychiatry 20(6):559–569, 2007) and biology Kosslyn et al. (American Psychologist 57:341–351, 2002). Yet the relationship between neuroscience and qualitative research informed by phenomenology remains problematic. How qualitative research normally handles subjective experiences is difficult to reconcile with standard statistical analysis of objective data. Recent technological developments in cognitive neuroscience have inspired a number of researchers to use more naturalistic stimuli, outside the laboratory environment, such as dance, thereby perhaps helping to open up the cognitive sciences to more phenomenologically informed approaches. A question central to our research, addressed here, is how the phenomenal experiences of a dance audience member, as accessed by qualitative research methods, can be related to underlying neurophysiological events. We outline below some methodological challenges encountered in relating audiences’ first-person accounts of watching live dance performance to neurophysiological evidence of their experiences.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17–37
Number of pages21
JournalPhenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

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dance
phenomenology
experience
qualitative research
neurosciences
neurophysiology
clinical psychology
technical development
science
empathy
psychiatry
psychologist
qualitative method
statistical analysis
consciousness
research method
biology
brain
stimulus
human being

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Jola, Corinne ; Ehrenberg, Shantel ; Reynolds, Dee. / The experience of watching dance: phenomenological–neuroscience duets. In: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences. 2012 ; Vol. 11, No. 1. pp. 17–37.
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The experience of watching dance: phenomenological–neuroscience duets. / Jola, Corinne; Ehrenberg, Shantel; Reynolds, Dee.

In: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 1, 03.2012, p. 17–37.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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