The golfer-caddie partnership: an exploratory investigation into the role of the caddie

David Lavallee, David Bruce, Trish Gorely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study reports the results from a research project designed to examine the role of the caddie in the golfer-caddie partnership. Interviews were conducted with eight golfers and
eight caddies from the Australasian Professional Golfers Association (PGA) Tour. An interpretational analysis of the data revealed a four-component model that was able to
both describe the role and provide guidance to golfers and caddies for optimizing their partnership. The components included in the model were the basic structure of caddying,
decision-making, moderators of the partnership, and goal setting. Strategies for players and caddies to enhance the utility of the caddie are discussed, including how knowledge
of the goals and responsibilities of the player and caddie in different situations can provide a greater degree of structure and consistency in their partnership. Future research
is suggested on the particular characteristics of the golfer-caddie partnership, including the content of the interpersonal behavior, the frequency of interaction, the history of the
relationship, and the style of communication on and off the golf course.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-35
Number of pages16
JournalAthletic Insight
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes


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