The impact of dialect exposure on artificial literacy learning in transparent and opaque orthographies

Glenn Patrick Williams, Vera Kempe, Nikolay Panayotov

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

In two miniature artificial literacy learning experiments we explored whether exposure to a dialect helps or hinders literacy acquisition. Participants trained to read and write 30 artificial words rendered by 13 invented graphemes. During testing, we assessed performance without feedback on the trained words and 12 novel words. Critically, in the dialect condition, half of the trained words were dialect variants while in the standard condition words remained unchanged. In Experiment 1 (transparent orthography), we found an overall benefit from dialect exposure during reading, presumably because a larger amount of lexical variants facilitates focus on grapheme-phoneme conversion. We also found impaired reading for words with a dialect variant, suggesting lexical competition effects. Overall, performance was worse in Experiment 2 (opaque orthography) where these trends did not reach significance due to task difficulty, suggesting that more training is required. Still, results suggest facilitation of literacy learning with dialect exposure.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2018
Event3rd Psychonomics International meeting - Beurs van Berlage, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 10 May 201812 May 2018
Conference number: 3
https://www.psychonomic.org/page/18AMS

Other

Other3rd Psychonomics International meeting
CountryNetherlands
CityAmsterdam
Period10/05/1812/05/18
Internet address

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Learning
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Literacy

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Williams, G. P., Kempe, V., & Panayotov, N. (2018). The impact of dialect exposure on artificial literacy learning in transparent and opaque orthographies. Poster session presented at 3rd Psychonomics International meeting, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Williams, Glenn Patrick ; Kempe, Vera ; Panayotov, Nikolay. / The impact of dialect exposure on artificial literacy learning in transparent and opaque orthographies. Poster session presented at 3rd Psychonomics International meeting, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
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Williams, GP, Kempe, V & Panayotov, N 2018, 'The impact of dialect exposure on artificial literacy learning in transparent and opaque orthographies' 3rd Psychonomics International meeting, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 10/05/18 - 12/05/18, .

The impact of dialect exposure on artificial literacy learning in transparent and opaque orthographies. / Williams, Glenn Patrick; Kempe, Vera; Panayotov, Nikolay.

2018. Poster session presented at 3rd Psychonomics International meeting, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

TY - CONF

T1 - The impact of dialect exposure on artificial literacy learning in transparent and opaque orthographies

AU - Williams, Glenn Patrick

AU - Kempe, Vera

AU - Panayotov, Nikolay

PY - 2018/5/11

Y1 - 2018/5/11

N2 - In two miniature artificial literacy learning experiments we explored whether exposure to a dialect helps or hinders literacy acquisition. Participants trained to read and write 30 artificial words rendered by 13 invented graphemes. During testing, we assessed performance without feedback on the trained words and 12 novel words. Critically, in the dialect condition, half of the trained words were dialect variants while in the standard condition words remained unchanged. In Experiment 1 (transparent orthography), we found an overall benefit from dialect exposure during reading, presumably because a larger amount of lexical variants facilitates focus on grapheme-phoneme conversion. We also found impaired reading for words with a dialect variant, suggesting lexical competition effects. Overall, performance was worse in Experiment 2 (opaque orthography) where these trends did not reach significance due to task difficulty, suggesting that more training is required. Still, results suggest facilitation of literacy learning with dialect exposure.

AB - In two miniature artificial literacy learning experiments we explored whether exposure to a dialect helps or hinders literacy acquisition. Participants trained to read and write 30 artificial words rendered by 13 invented graphemes. During testing, we assessed performance without feedback on the trained words and 12 novel words. Critically, in the dialect condition, half of the trained words were dialect variants while in the standard condition words remained unchanged. In Experiment 1 (transparent orthography), we found an overall benefit from dialect exposure during reading, presumably because a larger amount of lexical variants facilitates focus on grapheme-phoneme conversion. We also found impaired reading for words with a dialect variant, suggesting lexical competition effects. Overall, performance was worse in Experiment 2 (opaque orthography) where these trends did not reach significance due to task difficulty, suggesting that more training is required. Still, results suggest facilitation of literacy learning with dialect exposure.

M3 - Poster

ER -

Williams GP, Kempe V, Panayotov N. The impact of dialect exposure on artificial literacy learning in transparent and opaque orthographies. 2018. Poster session presented at 3rd Psychonomics International meeting, Amsterdam, Netherlands.