The Individual Recovery Outcomes Counter: preliminary validation of a personal recovery measure

Bridey Monger, Scott M. Hardie*, Robin Ion, Jane Cumming, Nigel Henderson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)
103 Downloads (Pure)


Aims and method

The Individual Recovery Outcomes Counter (I.ROC) is to date the only recovery outcomes instrument developed in Scotland. This paper describes the steps taken to initially assess its validity and reliability, including factorial analysis, internal consistency and a correlation benchmarking analysis.


The I.ROC tool showed high internal consistency. Exploratory factor analysis indicated a two-factor structure comprising intrapersonal recovery (factor 1) and interpersonal recovery (factor 2), explaining between them over 50% of the variance in I.ROC scores. There were no redundant items and all loaded on at least one of the factors. The I.ROC significantly correlated with widely used existing instruments assessing both personal recovery and clinical outcomes.

Clinical implications

I.ROC is a valid and reliable measure of recovery in mental health, preferred by service users when compared with well-established instruments. It could be used in clinical settings to map individual recovery, providing feedback for service users and helping to assess service outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-227
Number of pages7
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013


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