The sandwich model: a supportive framework for blended learning

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This chapter introduces a supportive framework for blended learning titled ‘the sandwich model’, developed during the delivery of a module for a counselling course. In this approach lecture topics were delivered over two week periods. In week one there was a synchronous lecture where the topic was introduced. Students did not need to prepare anything in advance of this. After this initial introductory session students had one week to engage with the self-directed asynchronous materials and activities that had been provided, which included readings and recorded videos with further information. In week two there were synchronous small group discussions facilitated by staff to consolidate the learning. The ‘sandwich’ in the name therefore comes from the sandwiching of self-directed learning between two variations of staff-directed sessions. Students reported increased confidence and satisfaction with their learning during application of this model.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication100 ideas for active learning
EditorsPaolo Oprandi, Tab Betts
Place of PublicationBrighton
PublisherUniversity of Sussex Library
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780995786271
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2022


  • Pedagogy
  • Blended learning
  • Active learning


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