VIP: a visual approach to user authentication

Antonella De Angeli, Mike Coutts, Lynne Coventry, Graham I. Johnson, David Cameron, Martin H. Fischer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper addresses knowledge-based authentication systems in self-service technology, presenting the design and evaluation of the Visual Identification Protocol (VIP). The basic idea behind it is to use pictures instead of numbers as a means for user authentication. Three different authentication systems based on images and visual memory were designed and compared with the traditional Personal Identification Number (PIN) approach in a longitudinal study involving 61 users. The experiment addressed performance criteria and subjective evaluation. The study and associated design exploration revealed important knowledge about users, their attitudes towards and behaviour with novel authentication approaches using images. VIP was found to provide a promising and easy-to-use alternative to the PIN. The visual code is easier to remember, preferred by users and potentially more secure than the numeric code. Results also provided guidelines to help designers make the best use of the natural power of visual memory in security solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, AVI 2002
EditorsMaria De Marsico, Stefano Levialdi, Emanuele Panizzi
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Pages316-323
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)1581135378, 9781581135374
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2002
Externally publishedYes
EventWorking Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, AVI 2002 - Trento, Italy
Duration: 22 May 200224 May 2002

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Workshop on Advanced Visual Interfaces AVI

Conference

ConferenceWorking Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, AVI 2002
Abbreviated titleAVI
CountryItaly
CityTrento
Period22/05/0224/05/02

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Authentication
Data storage equipment
Experiments

Cite this

De Angeli, A., Coutts, M., Coventry, L., Johnson, G. I., Cameron, D., & Fischer, M. H. (2002). VIP: a visual approach to user authentication. In M. De Marsico, S. Levialdi, & E. Panizzi (Eds.), Proceedings of the Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, AVI 2002 (pp. 316-323). (Proceedings of the Workshop on Advanced Visual Interfaces AVI). New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). https://doi.org/10.1145/1556262.1556312
De Angeli, Antonella ; Coutts, Mike ; Coventry, Lynne ; Johnson, Graham I. ; Cameron, David ; Fischer, Martin H. / VIP : a visual approach to user authentication. Proceedings of the Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, AVI 2002. editor / Maria De Marsico ; Stefano Levialdi ; Emanuele Panizzi. New York : Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2002. pp. 316-323 (Proceedings of the Workshop on Advanced Visual Interfaces AVI).
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abstract = "This paper addresses knowledge-based authentication systems in self-service technology, presenting the design and evaluation of the Visual Identification Protocol (VIP). The basic idea behind it is to use pictures instead of numbers as a means for user authentication. Three different authentication systems based on images and visual memory were designed and compared with the traditional Personal Identification Number (PIN) approach in a longitudinal study involving 61 users. The experiment addressed performance criteria and subjective evaluation. The study and associated design exploration revealed important knowledge about users, their attitudes towards and behaviour with novel authentication approaches using images. VIP was found to provide a promising and easy-to-use alternative to the PIN. The visual code is easier to remember, preferred by users and potentially more secure than the numeric code. Results also provided guidelines to help designers make the best use of the natural power of visual memory in security solutions.",
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De Angeli, A, Coutts, M, Coventry, L, Johnson, GI, Cameron, D & Fischer, MH 2002, VIP: a visual approach to user authentication. in M De Marsico, S Levialdi & E Panizzi (eds), Proceedings of the Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, AVI 2002. Proceedings of the Workshop on Advanced Visual Interfaces AVI, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), New York, pp. 316-323, Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, AVI 2002, Trento, Italy, 22/05/02. https://doi.org/10.1145/1556262.1556312

VIP : a visual approach to user authentication. / De Angeli, Antonella; Coutts, Mike; Coventry, Lynne; Johnson, Graham I.; Cameron, David; Fischer, Martin H.

Proceedings of the Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, AVI 2002. ed. / Maria De Marsico; Stefano Levialdi; Emanuele Panizzi. New York : Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2002. p. 316-323 (Proceedings of the Workshop on Advanced Visual Interfaces AVI).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - This paper addresses knowledge-based authentication systems in self-service technology, presenting the design and evaluation of the Visual Identification Protocol (VIP). The basic idea behind it is to use pictures instead of numbers as a means for user authentication. Three different authentication systems based on images and visual memory were designed and compared with the traditional Personal Identification Number (PIN) approach in a longitudinal study involving 61 users. The experiment addressed performance criteria and subjective evaluation. The study and associated design exploration revealed important knowledge about users, their attitudes towards and behaviour with novel authentication approaches using images. VIP was found to provide a promising and easy-to-use alternative to the PIN. The visual code is easier to remember, preferred by users and potentially more secure than the numeric code. Results also provided guidelines to help designers make the best use of the natural power of visual memory in security solutions.

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De Angeli A, Coutts M, Coventry L, Johnson GI, Cameron D, Fischer MH. VIP: a visual approach to user authentication. In De Marsico M, Levialdi S, Panizzi E, editors, Proceedings of the Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, AVI 2002. New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). 2002. p. 316-323. (Proceedings of the Workshop on Advanced Visual Interfaces AVI). https://doi.org/10.1145/1556262.1556312