AbstractThe question of what contributes to the increase of managerial effectiveness has received much recognition and attention in developing countries and states, such as Iran, where there is a growing need for competent and effective managers. This first time study explores ways and means to identify and improve the managerial effectiveness and competencies of top and senior managers, at personal and organisational levels, in the car manufacturing industry in Iran. To achieve this, the model for "Parameters of Managerial Effectiveness" (Analoui, 1999) has been used as a basis from which to explore the awareness, perceptions, skills, organisational criteria, constraints and opportunities, and motivation of senior managers, and to improve the content and context of their work. Moreover, a myriad of individual, organisational and environmental factors have been considered, in particular the implications of the study for management development in car industries, for government and cooperation agencies. The required empirical data were generated from a unique sample of 108 senior managers, from five levels of the management hierarchy, by the means of survey questionnaires and sample interviews through a fieldwork carried out in two major car-manufacturing plants in Iran.
It was found that the effectiveness of senior managers as a whole is perceived as being a function of a hierarchy of various sets of skills and competencies. Also, the degree of importance attached to the required skills is relative to the senior managers' position at different levels of the organisation, as well as being contingent upon other circumstances in which the managers find themselves. It is concluded that the most important set of managerial skills which are required for the increased effectiveness of senior managers are a combination of 'analytical and self development’, and 'people and task related' skills. However, these findings should be determined in a wider context of parameters of their effectiveness. These have paramount implications for government policies that are aimed at ensuring the increased effectiveness of the senior managers as a whole and in the car industries in particular in Iran.
|Date of Award||Jul 2005|
|Supervisor||Mohamed Branine (Supervisor)|