H.264 Encoded Digital Video Protection using Temporal Redundancy LSB Steganography

  • Scott Mitchell

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis


A steganographic method was developed based on the temporal redundancies present in digital video streams, these redundancies are utilised by the H.264 encoding standard to reduce the bandwidth requirements of a digital video stream while maintaining content quality. The temporal redundancies are used to steganographically embed unique binary data within the digital video stream, this results in a unique embedding strategy within each video stream while also utilising areas that reduce the potential data loss experienced during the H.264 encoding process.

The effectivness of the developed steganographic method is measured using the common steganographic metrics of Payload Capacity, Embedded Data Robustness and Media Impact. The results illustrate that the compensation of mutative factors in the embedding process using temporal redundancies result in a more robust method of data embedding within digital video encoded using H.264.
Date of Award25 Sep 2018
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Abertay University
SupervisorIan Ferguson (Supervisor) & Natalie Coull (Supervisor)


  • Cyber Security
  • Steganography
  • Digital Video

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