Transcending dimensions
: democratising access: utilising cost-effective technology to transition to 2D to 3D to AR

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis


This thesis is a research work which investigated the need for developing a solution for democratising access to Augmented Reality archives of 3D reconstructed models of objects, building and structures. Transcending Dimensions utilises cost effective and easy to use solutions paired with immersive visualisation to support non-specialist and specialist stakeholders irrespective of their experience in 3D digitisation. The research framework leans towards Photogrammetric reconstruction to create 3D Mesh, game pipelines to create low resolution patched models and AR to provide immersive visual experiences.

A thorough evaluation of the existing tools is presented and reasons for the gap is identified. Computer vision libraries, third patty plugins and software applications were also investigated and solutions with effective applications were identified and explored further.

Drawing from this examination of current tools and methods, a modular, cost-effective, inclusive, and accessible porotype is developed. The novelty of the research takes into consideration cost effectiveness at a different scale to what we are accustomed in the west. The research prioritises developing PC and mobile solutions rather than cloud-based solutions as the study explored scenarios where the shortage of basic resources such as electricity backups and WIFI are not always available. This enabled the research to identify weaknesses in existing tools and engage wider audiences than possible using existing solutions.

In order to test the practicality of embedding this research into other non-tech domains, a case study methodology was opted. The case studies included archiving human anatomy specimens for education, Chinese cultural artefacts and structures for games and local Scottish monuments for historical preservation.

The tool's performance and the visualization techniques it relies on are subsequently assessed for their effectiveness and usability among diverse users. Ultimately conclusions are derived regarding how well the tool TD aligns with the objectives and critical framework set out for this research.
Date of Award1 Mar 2024
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Abertay University
SupervisorEuan Dempster (Supervisor), David Lyons (Supervisor) & Dayna Galloway (Supervisor)


  • 3D vsualisation
  • AR
  • Games
  • Scanning

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